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About the Childcare Resource and Research Unit

The Childcare Resource and Research Unit is an early childhood education and child care (ECEC) policy research institute with a mandate to further ECEC policy and programs in Canada.

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The effect of own and spousal parental leave on earnings 1 Aug 2018 | Europe
This paper investigates the effect of parental leave in Sweden on both parents' subsequent earnings following policy reform that reserved paid leave for each parent. Interestingly, the results show that each month of leave taken by the father has a positive impact on maternal earnings- more so than a similar reduction in the mother's own leave.
Report for SOW on the financing of early childhood education and care in Europe, and, in particular, on the training and remuneration of childcare workers and its costs 1 Aug 2018 | International
This report summarizes a wide variety of policies and practices in early childhood education and care (ECEC) to be found in Europe and OECD countries, highlighting a range of issues including but not limited to: working conditions, recruitment, retention and remuneration in the workforce; funding and governance; data strengths and shortcomings; and quality of provision at the system level. Finland, Germany, Ireland and Norway are examined in greater detail, drawing out relevant areas of comparison for ECEC policy in the United States. The author concludes that individual examples of innovative solutions at the provider level will not solve large scale systemic issues, such as inequitable access.
Time use: Total work burden, unpaid work, and leisure 1 Aug 2018 | Canada
This new report from Statistics Canada, which adds to the Women in Canada series, looks at data from 1986, 2010, 2012 and 2015 to examine gender differences in time allocated to housework, caregiving, paid work, and leisure, underscoring how these have evolved over the past 30 years. Among others, findings indicate that men have not increased their participation in unpaid work to the same degree that women have increased their participation in paid work.
Fertility rates and labour force participation among women in Quebec and Ontario 24 Jul 2018 | Canada
New analysis from Statistics Canada reviews twenty years of data between 1996 and 2016 in Quebec and Ontario to investigate the relationships between child care and parental leave policies, fertility rates and labour force participation among mothers between 15 and 44 years of age. Among other findings, in Quebec, the labour force participation rate of women whose youngest child was under 3 years of age increased by nearly 20 percentage points over the 20 year span, compared to just 4 percent in Ontario.
Changes to income support and replacement programs in Canada are often made by stealth. The complexity of the programs shields governments from criticism. 24 Jul 2018 | Canada
This IRPP article explains how child benefit policies have shifted over the years. The author underscores the role of what he calls "social policy by stealth"- a term that has grown in popularity among Canada's public policy experts. The role of indexation, structure of the program, rate of returns, eligibility and the trajectory of benefits over time are discussed in this context, with significant implications for those interested in social policy in Canada.

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Many social programs support families, but child care is the backbone of them all.

— National Council of Welfare, Preschool Children: Promises to Keep , 1999

Why good child care?

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