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About the Childcare Resource and Research Unit

The Childcare Resource and Research Unit is an early childhood education and child care (ECEC) policy research institute with a mandate to further ECEC policy and programs in Canada.

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Parental-leave rich and parental-leave poor: Inequality in Canadian labour market based leave policies 25 May 2016 | Canada
Recent article published in the Journal of Industrial Relations compares access to parental-leave benefits between Québec and the rest of Canada. Analysis reveals that maternal access to leave benefits has improved dramatically over the past decade in Québec, especially for low-income households. However on average 40% of employed mothers in the rest of Canada are consistently excluded from maternity or parental benefits under the federal program. The authors draw attention to the need for greater public and scholarly scrutiny of the social class inequality effects of parental leave policy.
Child care assistance in the United States and nonstandard work schedules 25 May 2016 | United States
2015 report from the American Enterprise Institute considers work schedule as a major limit in accessing child care assistance particularly for families with low incomes. Using data from a cohort of urban mothers, this study explores the direct and indirect relationship between work schedule and receipt of child care assistance. Findings suggest that nonstandard work schedules reduce the odds of receiving child care assistance; a relationship mediated entirely by less day care center use among nonstandard schedule workers.
Half of under-threes cared for by their parents only in the EU in 2014 25 May 2016 | Europe
Recent data from Eurostat provides new figures on arrangements for early child care in EU member states. Researchers found that fewer than a third (28%) of children under the age of three attended formal childcare and that the average formal child care coverage for EU member states has been the same since 2012. However the biggest deficiencies are found for the youngest age group in the member states with the highest rates of child poverty, making the case for greater public investment in these areas.
Hypothetical modelling of childcare costs for families 25 May 2016 | Australia and New Zealand
Recent research from the ANU Centre for Social Research and Methods [AU] attempts to calculate the financial impact on families of women returning to work after having a child. A number of hypothetical families were developed as sample users of formal long day care in Australia. Simulating tax payments and transfer subsidies for family tax benefits and child care payments for each family, researchers found that many women are actually losing money by returning to work and that those who earn the least are often hit the hardest.
Shameful neglect: Indigenous child poverty in Canada 18 May 2016 | Canada
New report from the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives calculates child poverty rates in Canada including the rates on reserves and in territories. The report disaggregates the statistics and identifies three tiers of poverty for children in Canada, finding the worst poverty experienced by status First Nation children. The authors call for immediate action to resolve the ongoing crisis affecting Indigenous people across the country, and recommend a poverty reduction plan that includes strategies such as improving child-related income support and social infrastructure.

Many social programs support families, but child care is the backbone of them all.

— National Council of Welfare, Preschool Children: Promises to Keep , 1999

Why good child care?

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