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Targeting early childhood care and education: Myths and realities - Executive summary

Gillian Doherty

This BRIEFing NOTE is the Executive summary of Targeting early childhood care and education: Myths and realities by Gillian Doherty (2001). This study reviews research literature about the effectiveness of targeting early childhood programs to selected populations as well as literature on the relative effectiveness of different kinds of programs that are intended to enhance or support child development.

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Targeting early childhood care and education: Myths and realities

Gillian Doherty
Occasional paper 15
August 2001

This paper reviews two bodies of research. The first pertains to identification of threats to children's optimal development and the second examines the effectiveness of different types of targeted programs intended to enhance the development of at-risk children. Many variables that put children at risk for developmental problems occur in both lone- and two-parent families and across all income levels. The current practice of restricting programs for at-risk children to specific neighbourhoods inevitably means the exclusion of many at-risk children.

How should we care for babies and toddlers? An analysis of practice in out-of-home care for children under three

Helen Penn
Occasional paper 10
June 1999

This publication makes an important contribution to the understanding of our values and beliefs in caring for our young children. By taking a broad perspective and including historical, psychological and cultural evidence about early childhood, this paper reveals that how we care for infants and toddlers is open to many interpretations, as reflected by the diversity of existing practices. Penn forces us to examine alternative values and practices in caring for infants and toddlers, and to look beyond our own conventional paradigms and understandings.

The great child care debate: The long-term effects of non-parental child care

Gillian Doherty
Occasional paper 7

This paper reviews studies that compare children with non-parental child care experience to children without this experience. Two major themes emerge from this review: first, the research does not support the view that participation in child care is harmful; and second, it is important that the child care experience is of high quality.



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