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Ratios for four and five year olds: What does the research say? What else is important?

Martha Friendly, Carolyn Ferns and Nina Prabhu
June 2009

Research and expert perspectives agree that one of the key elements that determines the quality of an early childhood education and care program is the number of adults to children - the ratio. However, it is also clear that the adult: child ratio is not the sole quality-determining element. Other important elements, especially training and qualifications, interact with ratio to form the structural and pedagogical base for quality in an ECEC program.

Elements of a high quality early learning and child care system.

Martha Friendly and Jane Beach
EN & FR
2005
8pp

This paper describes eight linked elements that, taken into account together, will form a basis for the creation of a system of ELCC where high quality is the norm rather than the exception.

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